Periodontal (Gum) Disease
What Is Periodontal Disease/Gum Disease?
Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused mainly by the bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.
Here Are Some Warning Signs That Can Signal a Problem
|Gums that bleed easily
|Red, swollen, tender gums
|Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
|Persistent bad breath or bad taste
|Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
|Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
|Any change in the fit of partial dentures
There are many factors that increase the risk of developing gum disease, including poor oral hygiene, smoking, pregnancy, and diabetes. It is important to schedule a visit if you suspect you have gum disease because the sooner you treat it the better.
The Early Stage of Gum Disease Is Called Gingivitis
If you have gingivitis, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.
Advanced Gum Disease Is Called Periodontitis
Chronic periodontitis can lead to the loss of gum tissue and bone that support the teeth and it may become more severe over time. If it does, your teeth will feel loose and start moving. It usually gets worse slowly, but there can be periods of rapid progression.
Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important… because your teeth matter.
The treatment methods that our dentist proposes will depend upon the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed. Good dental care at home is essential for helping to keep periodontal disease from becoming more serious.